The department of Join Replacement at Apollo Medics Hospital Lucknow is manned by Senior Consultant Surgeons, who are highly qualified and well trained in India and abroad and they are well supported by resident doctors and registrars to take care of the admitted patients in the hospital.
The knee joint is among the strongest, largest and most complex joints of the body. When you walk, sit, squat, climb stairs up and down, play, jump and drive or do many other simple movements, you are depending on the knee for support and mobility.
When your knee is healthy, you may take it for granted, not giving a thought about the job it does for you. However, once it starts to become painful, stiff and you are forced to restrict certain activities, you may come to realise how much freedom of movement means for you.
Fortunately, today’s remarkable advances in medical technology and research makes it possible to replace the knee joint with long-lasting durable and fine-tuned artificial one that eliminates pain, corrects the deformity, strengthens your legs and improves your quality of life. This page provides information for you and your family regarding Total Knee Replacement surgery. The surgical procedure, pre-operative and post-operative Care, the risks and benefits of surgery, as well as rehabilitation, are explained.
Please read and discuss with your family before your total knee replacement surgery. The orthopedic surgeon’s goals are to restore your knee to a painless, functional status and to make your hospital stay as beneficial, informative and comfortable as possible. Please feel free to ask questions or share concerns with your consultant surgeon and physiotherapist.
Total Knee Replacement
Total knee replacement is a surgical procedure in which damaged components of the knee joint are replaced with artificial parts. The procedure is performed through a skin incision on the front of the knee; the muscular, ligamentous and bony components of the joint are exposed.
The worn out bony surfaces are shaved off with special instruments (resurfacing) and replaced with implants. Most common implant consists of three components: the femoral, the tibial and the patellar component.
Popular femoral component designs use highly specialized heavy metal alloys (Stainless steel, vanadium, titanium etc.) and are contoured more or less like the original bone. The tibial component is a metal platform which holds a plastic tray (High density polyethylene) and this surface moves against the femur during joint motion. The patellar component is an all plastic button like implant which moves in the femoral notch simulating normal joint motion
Who is a candidate for surgery ?
- People suffering from severe arthritis of knee joints.
- Daily knee pains from a very long time with swelling.
- Debilitating pain restricting activities of daily living.
- Severe deformity of the legs following knee pains (bent or bowlegs).
- People suffering with rheumatoid arthritis.( young and old )
- Arthritis or deformity following bony or ligamentous injuries around the knee joint