Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery is the speciality that focuses on surgery for diseases of the mouth, jaw and face.
It is a "root" device, usually made of titanium, used in dentistry to support restorations that resemble a tooth or group of teeth to replace missing teeth. Virtually all dental implants placed today are root-form endosseous implants, i.e., they appear similar to an actual tooth root (and thus possess a "root-form") and are placed within the bone (endo- being the Greek prefix for "in" and osseous referring to "bone"). The bone of the jaw accepts and osseointegrates with the titanium post. Osseointegration refers to the fusion of the implant surface with the surrounding bone. Dental implants will fuse with bone, however they lack the periodontal ligament, so they will feel slightly different than natural teeth during chewing.
Dental implants can be used to support a number of dental prostheses, including crowns, implant-supported bridges or dentures. They can also be used as anchorage for orthodontic tooth movement. The use of dental implants permits undirectional tooth movement without reciprocal action. They are the only way to provide fixed teeth for jaws which have been reconstructed with bone grafts or free flaps.
Navigation surgery in India for maxillofacial surgery/trauma was performed at Apollo Medics Hospitals Lucknow. Navigation Surgery (BrainlabsInc) is currently being used for Neuro, Spine and Orthopedic Surgery.Navigation surgery was used for maxillofacial trauma at Apollo Medics Hospitals Lucknowfor reconstructing a fractured left orbital floor in an engineering student involved in a RTA.Orbital reconstruction is fraught with the risk of encroaching on the optic canal and this is yet another fine example of upholding Apollo Hospital's vision of using Cutting edge technology for enhancing patient safety.Navigation surgery helped us to carry out the orbital reconstruction with a Titanium mesh with no risk of injury to the Optic nerve.